Despite decades of research, cancer continues to be the healthcare crisis of this generation. Cancer is now the second leading cause of death globally according to the World Health Organization (WHO) accounting for one in six deaths globally. As global populations age, and chronic diseases become more prevalent in emerging economies, these numbers are expected to soar to nearly 21.7 million new cases and 13 million deaths by 2030. That’s the bad news. The good news is that oncology experts have made tremendous progress in recent years in both the diagnosis and treatment of many forms of cancer. These diagnostic improvements include advanced medical imaging technologies, including digital mammography and computer aided detection (CAD) technologies that use artificial intelligence, and specifically deep learning, to automatically recognize patterns in images that suggest a tumor or lesion.